The Gateway Process

Here is the text from the declassified files.

(Misspelling due to found transcript. Will fix what I can. Diagrams missing - will add later)

Approved For Release 2003/09/10 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001 70021 001 6-5





9 June 1983

SUBJECT: Analysis and Assessment of Gateway Process

TO : Commander

US Army Operational Group

Fort Meade , MD 20755

1. You tasked me to provide an assessment of the Gateway Experience in terms of

its mechanics and ultimate practicality. As I set out to fulfill that tasking it

soon became clear that in order to assess the validity and practicality of the

process I needed to do enough supporting research and analysis to fully understand

how and why the process works . Frankly , sir , that proved to be an extremely

involved and difficult business. Initially/ based on conversations with a

physician who took the Gateway training with me, I had recourse to the biomedical

models developed by Itzhak Bentov to obtain information concerning the physical

aspects of the process. Then j found it necessary to delve into various sources

for information concerning quantum mechanics in order to be able to describe the

nature and functioning of human consciousness. I had to be able to construct a

scientifically valid and reasonably lucid model of how consciousness functions

under the influence of the brain hemisphere synchronization technique employed by

Gateway. Once this was done, the next step involved recourse to theoretical

physics in order to explain the character of the time-space dimension and the means

by which expanded human consciousness transcends it in achieving Gateway's

objectives. Finally I again found it necessary to use physics to bring the whole

phenomenon of out-of-body states into the language of physical science to remove

the stigma of its occult connotations, and put it in a frame of reference suited to

objective assessment.

2. I began the narrative by briefly profiling the fundamental biomedical factors

affecting such related techniques as hypnosis, biofeedback and transcendental

meditation so that their objectives and mode of functioning could be compared in

the reader's mind with the Gateway experience as the model of its underlying

mechanics was developed. Additionally, that introductory material is useful in

supporting the conclusions of the paper . I indicate that at times these related

techniques may provide useful entry points to accelerate movement into the Gateway

Experience .

3. Niels Bohr, the renowned physicist once responded to his son's complaints about

the obtuse nature of certain concepts in physics by saying: "You are not thinking,

you are merely being logical." The physics of altered human consciousness deals

with some conceptualizations that are not easily grasped or visualized exclusively

in the context of ordinary "left brain" linear thinking. So, to borrow Dr. Bohr s

mode of expression, parts of this paper will require not only logic but a touch of

right brain intuitive insight to achieve a complete comfortable grasp of the

concepts involved. Nevertheless, once that is done, I am confident that their

construction and application will stand up to the test of rational critique.

4. Paradoxically, having gone to such great lengths to avoid trying to render

judgements based on an occult or dogmatic frame of reference in the end I found it

necessary to return, at least briefly, to the question of the impact of the Gateway

Experience on common belief systems. I did so because although it was essential to

avoid attempting to render an assessment in the context of such systems, I felt

that it was necessary after having completed the analysis to point out that the

resulting conclusions do not do any violence to the fundamental mainstream of

either eastern or western belief systems. Unless that point is clearly

established, the danger exists that some people will reject the whole concept of

the Gateway Experience in the mistaken belief that it contradicts and is therefore

alien to all that they hold to be right and true.

5. This study is certainly not designed to be the last word on the subject but I

hope that the validity of its basic structure and of the fundamental concepts upon

which it is based will make it a useful guide for other USAINSCOM personnel who are

required to take the Gateway training or work with Gateway materials.

The Gateway Experience: Brain Hemisphere Synchronization in perspective.

1. introduction. In order to describe the Monroe Institute technique for

achieving altered states of consciousness (the "Gateway Experience") involving brain

hemisphere synchronization or "Hemi-Sync", the most effective way to begin is to

briefly profile the basic mechanics which underlay operation of related methods

such as hypnosis, transcendental meditation, and biofeedback. It is easiest to

effectively describe what Gateway is by beginning with a short description of those

associated techniques that share some common aspects with the Gateway Experience

but which are nevertheless different. In this way we can develop a frame of

reference at the outset which will provide useful concepts to explain and

understand Gateway by comparison, as we proceed.

2. Hypnosis. According to the theories of psychologist Ronald Stone and the

biomedical engineering models of Itshak Bentov, hypnosis is basically a technique

which permits acquisition of direct access to the sensory motor cortex and pleasure

centers, and lower cerebral (emotional) portions (and associated pleasure centers) of

the right side of the human brain following successful disengagement of the

stimulus screening function of the left hemisphere of the brain. The left

hemisphere of the brain is the self -cognitive , verbal and linear reasoning

component of the mind. It fulfills the function of screening incoming stimuli by

categorizing, assessing and assigning meaning prior to allowing passage to the

right hemisphere of the mind. The right hemisphere, which functions as the

noncritical, holistic, nonverbal and pattern-oriented component of the braxn

appears to accept what the left hemisphere passes to it without question.

Consequently, if the left hemisphere can be distracted either through boredom or

through reduction to a soporific, semi-sleep state, external stimuli to include

hypnotic suggestions are allowed to pass unchallenged into the right hemisphere

where they are accepted and acted upon directly. The result may involve an

emotional reaction originating in the lower cerebral region, sensory/motor

responses requiring involvement of the cortex, and so on. Both the sensory and the

motor cortices of the right cerebral portion of the brain contain a sequence of

points known as the "homunculus" which corresponds to points in the body (see

Exhibit 1, next page). Stimulation of the corresponding area on the cortex causes

intermediate response in the associated portion of the body. Consequently,

induction of the suggestion that the left leg is numb, if it reaches the right

hemisphere unchallenged and is referred to the appropriate area of the sensory

cortex, will result in an electrical reaction being generated that will induce the

feeling of numbness. Similarly, the suggestion that the person is experiencing a

general feeling of happiness and well being would be referred to the appropriate

pleasure centers located in the lower cerebral portion or in the cortex of the

right hemisphere, thereby inducing the suggested feeling of euphoria. Finally,

suggestions such as one that informs the hypnotic subject that he enjoys enhanced

concentration or powers of memory would be responded to in the right hemisphere by

accessing unused information storage capacity normally held in reserve as a result

of left hemisphere selection and control processes. This aspect will become

significant in the context of the Gateway process when attention is given to

examining the way that hypnosis may be used to accelerate progress in the early

stages of the Gateway Experience.

3. Transcendental Meditation. On the other hand, transcendental meditation works

in a distinctly different fashion. In this technique, intense and protracted

single minded concentration on the process of drawing energy up the spinal cord

ultimately results in what appears to be creation of acoustical standing waves in

the cerebral ventricles which are then conducted to the gray matter in the cerebral

cortex on the right side of the brain. As a result, according to Bentov, these

waves "will stimulate and eventually 'polarize' the cortex in such a way that it

will tend to conduct a signal along the homunculus, starting from the toes an on

up." The Bentov bio-medical model, as described in a book by Lee Sannella, M.D. ,

entitled: Kun dal ini -Psychos is or Transcendence , states that the standing

acoustical waves are the result of the altered rhythm of heart sounds which are

occasioned by prolonged practice of meditation, and which set up sympathetic

vibrations in the walls of the fluid filled cavities which comprise the third and

lateral ventricles of the brain. In addition, according to Bentov: "The states of

bliss described by those whose Kundalini symptoms have completed the full loop

along the hemispheres may be explained as a self-stimulation of the pleasure

centers in the brain caused by the circulation of a 'current' along the sensory

cortex." Bentov also notes, "that most of the described symptoms start on the

left side of the body means that it is mostly a development occurring in the right

hemisphere." Although normally a period of meditation involving intense

concentration and practice for five years or some is required to "bring up the

Kundalini," Bentov states that exposure to mechanical or acoustical vibrations m

the range of 4-7 Hertz (cycles per second) for protracted periods may achieve the

same effect. Bentov cites as an example "repeated riding in a car whose suspension

and seat combination produce that range of vibrations, or being exposed for long

periods of time to these frequencies caused, for instance, by an air conditioning

duct." He also notes that: "The cumulative effect of these vibrations may be able

to trigger a spontaneous physio-Kundalini sequence in susceptable people who have a

particularly sensitive nervous system. "

4. Biofeedback. The third consciousness altering methodology which will be

briefly described is biofeedback. Biofeedback is somewhat unique in that it

actually employs the self-cognitive powers of the left hemisphere to gain access to

such areas of the right brain as the lower cerebral, motor and sensory cortices and

assorted pain or pleasure centers. Instead of suppressing the left hemisphere as

is done in hypnosis, or largely bypassing and ignoring it as is done in

transcendental meditation, biofeedback teaches the left hemisphere first to

visualize the desired result and then to recognize the feelings associated with the

experience of successful right hemisphere access to the specific lower cerebral,

cortex, pain or pleasure or other areas in the manner needed to produce the desired

result. Special self-monitoring devices such as the digital thermometer are used

to inform the left brain when it succeeds in keying the right hemisphere into

accessing the appropriate area. Once this is done, the left brain can then

repeatedly instruct the right brain to reestablish the pathways involved so as to

produce the same external, objective measures of success. In this way, the

pathways are strengthened and emphasized to such an extent that left brain

consciousness is enabled to access appropriate areas in the right brain using a

conscious, demand mode. For example, if the subject wishes to increase the

circulation in the left leg in order to speed up healing he may concentrate with

his left brain on achieving that result while carefully monitoring a digital

thermometer connected to the left leg. When the concentrated effort begins to

achieve success, the digital thermometer will register an increase in the

temperature of the left leg. At that point, the subject can mentally (left brain)

associate the sensations experienced with the result achieved and can begin to

emphasize, by memory recall, the same process to cause its strengthening by

affirmation and repetition. In this way, pain can be blocked, healing can be

enhanced, malignant tumors can apparently be suppressed and ultimately destroyed,

the body's pleasure centers can be stimulated, and a variety of specific

physiological results may be achieved. In addition, biofeedback may be used to

greatly accelerate achievement of deep meditative states particularly for beginners

who have no experience in meditative techiques and whose progress in that

methodology is enhanced through effective visualization and external, objective

affirmation. Display of the subject's brainwave pattern on a cathode ray tube has

proven to be a laboratory-validated means by which subjects may quickly learn to

place themselves in profoundly relaxed states characterized by the sort of quietude

and singularity of mental focus associated with advanced meditation.

5 . Gateway and Hemi-Sync. Now that we have briefly profiled the basic mechanics

of the principal techniques for altering or expanding consciousness which share

some of the objectives and/or methods employed in the Gateway Experience, we may

proceed to focus on what that technique actually involves. Fundamentally, the

Gateway Experience is a training system designed to bring enhanced strength, focus

and coherence to the amplitude and frequency of brainwave output between the left

and right hemispheres so as to alter consciousness, moving it outside the physical

sphere so as to ultimately escape even the restrictions of time and space. The

participant then gains access to the various levels of intuitive knowledge which

the universe offers. What differentiates the Gateway Experience from forms of

meditation is its use of the Hemi-Sync technique which is defined in a monograph by

Monroe Institute trainer Melissa Jager as, "a state of consciousness defined when

the EEG patterns of both hemispheres are simultaneously equal in amplitude and

frequency." Although Hemi-Sync seems to be rather rare and of only short duration

in ordinary human consciousness, Melissa Jager states that: "Audio techniques

developed by Bob Monroe can induce and sustain Hemi-Sync with the Institute's basic

Focus 3 tapes,..." She also notes that: "Studies conducted by Elmer and Alyce

Greene at the Menninger Foundation have shown that a subject with 20 years of

training in Zen meditation could consistently establish Hemi-Sync at will,

sustaining it for over 15 minutes." Dr. Stuart Twemlow, a psychiatrist and a

research associate of the Monroe Institute, reports that: "In our studies of the

effect of the Monroe tape system on brainwaves, we have found that the tapes

encourage the focusing of brain energy (it can be measured as with a lightbulb, in

watts) into a narrower and narrower 'frequency band’. This focusing of energy is

not unlike the yoga concept of one pointedness, which we may translate in western

terms as a single-mindedness." Dr. Twemlow goes on to observe that as the

individual gets into the tapes beyond Focus 3 , "...there is a gradual increase in

brainwave size which is a measure of brain energy or power.

6. Lamp vs Laser: Melissa Jager uses a metaphor to help clarify the process^

involved in the use of Hemi-Sync in the Gateway Experience. She points out that

the human mind in its natural state may be likened to an ordinary lamp which

expends energy in the form of both heat and light but in a chaotic, incoherent way

which diffuses its energy over a wide area of rather limited depth. On the other

hand, the human mind under the discipline of Hemi-Sync acts after the fashion of a

laser beam which produces a disciplined stream of light. The stream of energy is

projected with total coherence of both frequency and amplitude such that the

surface area of a laser beam contains billions of times the concentrated energy

found in a similar surface area on the sun. Gateway assumes that once the

frequency and amplitude of the human brain are rendered coherent, it is possible to

begin accelerating both so that the human mind is soon resonating at ever higher

vibrational levels. The mind can then bring itself into sycronization with more

sophisticated and rarified energy levels in the universe. The mind, when operating

at these increasingly rarified levels is assumed to be capable of processing the

information thus received through the same fundamental matrix by which it makes

sense of ordinary physical sensory input to achieve meaning in a cognitive

context. Such meaning is usually perceived visually in the form of symbols but may

also be perceived as astonishing flashes of holistic intuition or even in the form

of scenarios involving both visual and aural perception. The mechanics by which

the mind exercises the consciousness function will be addressed in more detail

later in this paper.

7. Frequency Following Response. To achieve synchronization of brain hemispheres,

the Hemi-Sync technique takes advantage of a phenomenon known as the Frequency

Following Response ( FFR) which means that if a subject hears a sound produced at a

frequency which emulates one of those associated with the operation of the human

brain, the brain will try to mimmick the same frequency pattern by adjusting its

brainwave output. Therefore, if the subject is in a fully awake state but hears

sound frequencies which approximates brainwave output at the Theta level, the

subject’s brain will endeavor to alter its brainwave pattern from the normal Beta

to the Theta level. Since the Theta level is associated with sleep, the subject

concerned may progress from a fully awake to a sleep state (provided that he does

not consciously resist) as the brain strives to entrain its wave frequency output

with the one which the person hears. Since these brainwave frequencies are outside

the spectrum of sounds which can be heard in pure form by the human ear, : Hemi-Sync

must produce them based on another phenomenon known as the brain's capacity for

deducing "beat" frequencies. If the human brain is exposed to one frequency in the

left ear which is 10 Hertz below another audible frequency played in the right ear,

rather than hearing either of the two audible frequencies, the brain chooses to

"hear" the difference between them, the "beat" frequency. Thus, availing itself of

the FFR phenomenon, and using the technique of "beat" frequencies, the Gateway

system uses Hemi-Sync and other audio techniques employing the FFR phenomenon to

introduce a variety of frequencies which are played at a virtually subliminal,

marginally audible level. The objective is to relax the left hemisphere of the

brain, place the physical body in a virtual sleep state, and bring the left and

right hemispheres into coherence under conditions designed to promote the

production of ever higher amplitude and frequency of brainwave output. Audible and

perhaps subliminal suggestions by Bob Monroe accompany the various brainwave

frequencies, which are sometimes rolled in together with other sounds such as sea

surf to mask the sound frequencies where desireable. In this way, Gateway

endeavors to provide the subject with the tools by which he may alter his

consciousness based on his own volition over time through the repetitive use of the

tapes so as to access, via intuitive means, new categories of information not

available to ordinary consciousness.

8. Role of Resonance. However, brain coherence through entrainment to "beat"

frequencies introduced via stereo headphones is only part of the reason why the

Gateway system works. It is also designed to achieve the physical quietude

characteristic of deep transcendental meditative states which brings about a

complete alteration of the fundamental resonance pattern associated with the sound

frequencies produced by the human body. Yoga, zen or transcendental meditation, if

practiced long enough, will produce a change in the sound frequency with which the

human heart resonates throughout the entire body. According to Bentov, this change

in resonance results from elimination of what the medical profession calls "the

bifurcation echo" so that the sound of the heartbeat can move synchronously up and

down the circulatory system in harmonious resonance approximately seven times a

second. Bentov describes the roll played by the bifurcation echo as follows:

"When the left ventricle of the heart ejects blood, the aorta, being elastic,

balloons out just beyond the valve and causes a pressure pulse to travel down along

the aorta. When the pressure pulse reaches the bifurcation in the lower abdomen

(which is where the aorta forks in two to go into the legs), part of the pressure

pulse rebounds and starts traveling up the aorta. If in the meantime the heart

ejects more blood, and a new pressure pulse is traveling down, these two pressure

points will eventually collide somewhere along the aorta and produce an

interference pattern." By placing the body in a sleeplike state, the Gateway tapes

achieve the same goal as meditation in that it places the body in such a profoundly

relaxed state that the bifurcation echo slowly fades away as the heart lessens the

force and frequency with which it pushes blood into the aorta. The result is a

regular, rhythmic sinewave pattern of sound which echoes throughout the body and

rises up into the head in sustained resonance. The amplitude of this sinewave

pattern, when measured with a sensitive, seismograph type instrument is about three

times the average of the sound volume produced by the heart when it is operating


9. Brain Stimulation. Bentov's biomedical model shows that this resonance is of

considerable importance since it is directly transmitted to and impacts upon the

brain. The resulting vibration is received and transmitted into the brain itself

via the fluid filled third and left ventricles located above the brain stem. An

electromagnetic pulse is then generated which stimulates the brain to raise

amplitude and frequency of brainwave output, just as Dr. Twemlow observed in his

research on the effects of the Hemi-Sync tapes. Also, the brain is contained in a

tight membrane called the dura which is, in turn, cushioned by a thin layer of

fluid located between it and the skull. As the coherent resonance produced by the

human heart in a state of profound relaxation reaches the fluid layer surrounding

the brain, it sets up a rhythmic pattern in which the brain moves up and down

approximately 0.005 to 0.010 millimeters in a continuous pattern. The

self reinforcing character of resonant behavior accounts for the body's ability to

sustain this movement despite the minimal level of energy involved, in this way,

the entire body, based on its own micromotion, functions as a tuned vibrational

system which transfers energy in a range of between 6.8 and 7.5 Hertz into the

earth's ionospheric cavity, which itself resonates at about 7-7.5 Hertz. Of this

process, Bentov states:

"This is occurring at a very long wavelength of about 40,000 Km, or just about

the perimeter of the planet. In other words, the signal from the movement of

our bodies will travel around the world in about one seventh of a second

through the electrostatic field in which we are imbedded. Such a long

wavelength knows no obstacles, and its strength does not attenuate much over

large distances. Naturally it will go through just about anything: metal,

concrete, water, and the fields making up our bodies. It is the ideal medium

for conveying a telepathic signal."

Consequently, the Gateway process is designed to rather rapidly induce a state of

profound calm within the nervous system and to significantly lower blood pressure

to cause the circulatory system, skeleton and all other physical organ systems to

begin vibrating coherently at approximately 7-7.5 cycles per second. The resulting

resonance sets up a regular, repetitive sound wave which propagates in consonance

with the elecrostatic field of the earth.

10. Energy Entrainment. As the body is turned into a coherent oscillator

vibrating in harmony with the surrounding electrostatic medium, the specific

exercises included in the Gateway tapes enjoin the participant to build up the

energy field surrounding his body, presumably by using energy from the earth's

field which the body is now entraining because of its ability to resonate with it.

This puts the body's energy field into homogeneity with its surrounding environment

and promotes movement of the seat of consciousness into the surrounding environment

partly in response to the fact that the two electromagnetic medians are now a

single energy continuum. Thus, the same process which moves the brain into focused

coherence at steadily higher levels of frequency and amplitude so as to entrain

analgous frequencies in the universe for data collection also promotes enhancement

of bodily energy levels to a point adequate to permit the subject to experience an

out-of-body movement when he is ready to do so(more will be said about this topic

later). In addition, by resonating with the earth’s electromagnetic sphere the

human body creates a surprisingly powerful carrier wave to assist the mind in

communication activity with other human minds similarly tuned.

11. Consciousness and Energy. Before our explanation can proceed any further, it

is essential to define the mechanism by which the human mind exercises the function

known as consciousness, and to describe the way in which that consciousness

operates to deduce meaning from the stimuli which it receives. To do this, we will

first consider the fundamental character of the material world in which we have our

physical existence in order to accurately perceive the raw stuff with which our

consciousness must work. The first point which needs to be made is that the two

terms, matter and energy tend to be misleading if taken to indicate two distinctly

different states of existence in the physical world that we know it. Indeed, if

the term matter is taken to mean solid substance as opposed to energy which is

understood to mean a force of some sort, then the use of the former is entirely

misleading. Science now knows that both the electrons^ which spin in the energy

field located around the nucleus of the atom and the nucleus itself are made up of

nothing more than oscillating energy grids. Solid matter, in the strict

construction of the term, simply does not exist. Rather, atomic structure is

composed of oscillating energy grids surrounded by other oscillating energy grids

which orbit at extraordinarily high speeds. In his book, Stalking the Wild

Pendulum, Itzhak Bentov gives the following figures. The energy grid which

composes the nucleus of the atom vibrates at approximately 10 22 Hertz(which means

10 followed by 22 zeros). At 70 degrees Farenheit an atom oscillates at the rate

of 10 15 Hertz. An entire molecule, composed of a number of atoms bound together

in a single energy field vibrates in the range of 10^ Hertz. A live human cell

vibrates at approximately 10 2 Hertz. The point to be made is that the entire

human being, brain, consciousness and all is, like the universe which surrounds

him, nothing more or less than an extraordinarily complex system of energy fields.

The so called states of matter are actually variances in the state of energy, and

human consciousness is a function of the interaction of energy in two opposite

states(motion vs rest) in a manner described in the following paragraph.

12. Holograms. Energy creates, stores and retrieves meaning in the universe by

projecting or expanding at certain frequencies in a three dimensional mode that

creates a living pattern called a hologram. The concept of the hologram can be

most easily understood by using an example cited by Bentov in which he asks the

reader to visualize a bowl full of water into which three pebbles are dropped. As

the ripples created by the simultaneous entry of the three pebbles radiate outward

towards the rim of the bowl, Bentov further asks the reader to visualize that the

surface of the water is suddenly flash frozen so that the ripple pattern is

p-£- 0 SQ 27 ved instantly. The ice is removed leaving the three pebbles still laying at

the bottom of the bowl. Then the ice is exposed to a powerful, coherent source of

light, such as a laser. The result will be a three dimensional model or

representation of the position of the three pebbles suspended in midair. Holograms

are capable of encoding so much detail that, for example, it is possible to take a

holographic projection of a glass of swamp water and view it under magnification to

see small organisms not visible to the naked eye when the glass of water itself is

examined. The whole concept of holography, despite its scientific implications,

has only been known to the physicist since the underlying mathmatical principles

were worked out by Dennis Gabor in 1947(he later won a Nobel Prize for his work).

Laboratory demonstration of Gabor's work only occurred years later following

invention of the laser. As biologist Lyall Watson explains:

"The purest kind of light available to us is that produced by a laser, which

sends out a beam in which all the waves are of one frequency, like those made

by an ideal pebble in a perfect pond. When two laser beams touch, they produce

an interference pattern of light and dark ripples that can be recorded on a